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ab. 2935 B.C. till ab. 2925 B.C.
7. Pharaoh of the 1. Dynasty
Pharaonic names:
Horus: Anedjib or Adjib
Nebty: Hor-Anedjib or Hor-Adjib
Golden Horus  


Anedjib, also Adjib, Hor-Adjib, Hor-Anedjob or Enezib, is the Horus-name of a king of the 1st Dynasty of Egypt. Despite that he is known under many name, as most of the early pharaohs, he is pretty well documented. Manetho, the priest who compiled milenia later the dynasty list, called him "Miebidos" and credited him with a rulership of 26 years. The canon of Turin gave him 74 years. Most Egyptologists think of both records as an exxageration and estimate the length of his rulership rather in the range of 8 to 10 years.
He is well documented. His name appears on vessels of his time, earthen jar seals and ivory tags. Most objects bearing his name and titles origin from Abydos and Sakkara.

Family and court>

Even his family isn't fully investigated, it is likely, that he was a son of his predecessor Den. More evidence hints, he was married to a woman named Betrest, but that is an indirect conclusion since she is named as mother of Adjib's successor Semerkhet. There isn't any firmer evidence yet, not titualry with her name, that would give us an impression of her actual standing (could have been a mistress for all we know).
We assume, he had a number of sons and daughter, by all means, the pill wasn't invented back then and he had, like all pharaohs, probably several wives and mistresses. But none of their names was preserved over the times with the exception of Serkhet, who became his successor.

An extension of titulary

While already his sucessors were kings of lower and upper egypt, Anedjib deemed it necessary to add a new part to his titulary, which appears to be a complement to his Neswy-name and consisting of two Falcon-signs on a short standard. Two falcons, as in two horus', means basically "two lords" or rather a double kingdomship. Which was actually nearer to the situation, I think.
Most scholars think, this new addition served to legitimze his rulership. However, on a behavioral level, and my readers know, it'S what I look for, this doesn't make too much sense. Adjib's legitimation stemmed from his descendecy from his father. That documented his claim to be king much more than the claim of a double rulership, which technically was the same kind of rulership, his father, grandfather and so on, all had claimed and held. So, unless there was a new tendency in the society of his time, that aimed to split up the rulership over the united kingdom of Egypt. The focus was not on "king" but on "two", otherwise this addition makes not the faintest sense. So my guess is, part of the population were up to split again in lower and upper egypt. The new title is thought often as a symbolic of Horus and Seth, but lets be real here. If your main god was once Seth, who onfortunately got already a donkey head onder the rulership of the earlier kings, you would consider rather as occupiers, would it make you happy to see, not your old main god has lost his own identity entirely and is just a mere copy, a shadow of the same shape as your occupiers main god? I don'T think so. And I don't think, the people of the time would have seen this as a "uniting" effort. This short standard, in it's social meaning, it was a war standard, threatening those, who may considered to break off front he kingdom. The need to invent such a standard gives us a little glimpse on things already boiling under the surface.

Buildings, objects and Technology

After the rush forward, Egyptian technology has made in the two generations before, things seemed to slow down under Anedjib. We know, he laid foundation to the royal fortress Hor nebw-khet ("Horus, the gold of the divine community") and the royal residence Hor seba-khet ("Horus, the star of the divine community"). The names indicate the focus on the horus-cult.
Noticeable is also an unusually big number of cult statues made for the king. Not less than six objects were found, showing the king standing in full royal insignia. Which either documents his troubles with being king over all parts of Egypt or a serious bout of paranoia. Serious bouts of paranoia in ancient rulers would often result in unmakred mass graves and archaeologists haven't found any of those dating from Andjib's era in Egypt. So chances are, his troubles were real.
Stone vessels show, that Adjib allegedly underwent a first and even a second hedjeb. A hedjeb was kind of a throne jubilee in which the king also had to prove, he was still physically and mentally fit to rule. The first would have been after 30 years of rulership, the second after ten years more. However, it appears as if all those vessels were actually removed from his predecessor's, Den's, tomb. Now, Egpytologists assume, that Adjib just stole those vessels from Den's tomb. Which proves, that Egyptologists are a bunch of suspicious people without a lot of criminal talent.
See it that way: You are king of a country, the produces like 80 or 90 percent of all cool stone vessels in the know world. You have not hundreds of skilled workers at your disposal but thousands and you have the best makers of even the highest demand stone vessels right next to you and those guys do what the whole day, all year long? Right, they make stone vessels. So why on Earth would you break in into your fathers tomb, get the priesthood all riled up if that story would pop up, risk, someone could recognize the vessel (a lot of people of Anedjib's court lived already on Den's court) and risk a riot on religious reasons (because you and your ancestors just had re-invented the concept of god-kings which included the sacrosanctity of their tombs as well), if you just could get a new set of vessels with your name and date of faked hedjebs so much cheaper and with so much less trouble? And who the heck would buy in such a fraud anyway? There was a big part of the population alive when Anedjib became king. They remembered and they would have remembered it wasn't 30 or 40 years ago, but not even 10 years at all.
So, I don't doubt, those vessels were from Den's tomb. I don't doubt the name was changed. What I doubt is, that Anedjib did it or that it was done on his orders. Anedjib, or Adjib, could win nothing, only lose by such a stunt. So either it was done to discredit him or it was done much later when it was politically opportune to refer to a long ruling mystical pharaoh from the past. Don't forget, that latest during the second dynasty, the pharaohs of the first had become legendary god-like shadows from the past, with not too many mere human aspects at all. Superstition helps was the recipe to rule in most later dynastys of the old kingdom.

The Tomb

Adjib's tomb, tomb X, is the smallest of all royal tombs in the area, much smaller than any of the burial complexes of his predecessors. It also lacks any sign of technological progress in terms of architecture, design, statics or art. If anything, it was a step back.
Around the tomb, 64 subsidary burials were located. We can assume, that most of the inhabitants of those graves didn't commit suicide, this was traditional human sacrifce. While the results of the body excavation for tomb X remains inconclusive, mostly because the bodies were gone long time ago and there was no examination possible, it appears, that in the subsidary burials of his ancestors, most of the victims were strangled. some also died from blunt force trauma to the head, consistent with the use of the always popular Egyptian war mace.
However, the number of 64 subsidary tombs doesn't indicate, Adjib was more modest than his forefathers. If at all, he was even less modest, seeing his new fortress and the new residence as much as the claim, he made with the double falcon standard. Thus, tomb X at Umm el-Quaab doesn't indicate modesty, it indicates lack of possibility. Putting it all together, the standard, the lack of new shapes in vessels, the lack of any sign of technological progress and this tomb, we see a society, split by politics and therefore unable to progress on other areas.

... back
Tue, May 17, 2016
12:00 AM CT

Daniel Lee Siebert
Daniel Lee Siebert is now also in our serial killer collection. A more or less garden variety strangler type who got away longer than necessary bacause some big PDs dropped the ball ... and left it to smaller ones, to get the job done.

Fri, Dec 18, 2015
12:00 AM CT

Christman Genipperteinga
THe legendary robber along the wine road Trier-Cologne made it finally into our collection. With a total of 970 victim, including six of them his own children, he is currently the most prolific serial killer in the Collection.

Thu, Oct 22, 2015
12:00 AM CT

Gerard John Schaefer
The allegedly most prolific Florida Serial Killer, "Killer Cop" Gerard Schaefer, finally also made his way into out collection.

Thu, Sep 24, 2015
12:00 AM CT

Royal Russel Long
Long was quite messed up in the investigation of the Wyoming Rodeo Murders, but details show, he was another kind of animal, y typeless pedophile serial killer. Now his file is in our collection.

Mon, Aug 17, 2015
12:00 AM CT

The Wyoming Rodeo Murders
A story of misperceptions and midnless cabinet cleaning by police authorities that ended up with someone getting away with at least two murders on young women. Now in our collection.

Wed, Jul 15, 2015
12:00 AM CT

Joseph Vacher, the French Ripper
Now new in our collection: Joseph Vacher, the French Ripper. The first case, blood spatter analysis was used in a court trial world wide!

Sat, Jun 20, 2015
12:00 AM CST

No new addition in June
Usually, we try to bring another case up in our serial killer collection every month, but this month, we simply had no time. Between working open cases and other activities, it was just not possible. Sorry for the inconvenience.

Sat, May 16, 2015
12:00 AM CT

The Beauty Queen Killer
New in the serial killer collection: Christopher Wilder, the Beauty Queen Killer. A case that shows how nonsensical the disctinction between serial and spree killers really is.

Thu, Apr 16, 2015
12:00 AM CT

Burton W. Abbott
Abbott killed only one victim, a case that caused some public attention in 1955. But he showed all hallmarks of a fledgling serial killer and thus, we added him to our collection.

Mon, Mar 16, 2015
12:00 AM CT

Darren Deon Vann
Ha is basically the usual garden variety strangler case if it wouldn't be for the early warnings statistical data cretated about serial killer activity in Gary/Indiana. Now he is in our collection.

Wed, Mar 4, 2015
12:00 AM CT

Due to technical problems, the March article was up late. Take my apologies for this glitch.

Mon, Feb 16, 2015
12:00 AM CT

Affaire of the Poisons
We have added the infamous Affaire of the Poisons to our collection. With more than 80 offenders, it breaks a little the format, but well, it's one of the biggest cases of "organized" crime ever, so how can we let it out?

Mon, Dec 8, 2014
12:00 AM CT

Joseph Bryan
Once he made the FBI Ten Most Wanted list, now nobody remembers the case anymore. Nevertheless, the father of all allegedly schizophrenic serial killers has entered our collection.

Fri, Nov 7, 2014
12:00 AM CT

The Trailside Killer
David Joseph Carpenter has now become also part of the Serial Killer Collection ... complete with profile.

Tue, Oct 7, 2014
12:00 AM CT

The Vampire of Duesseldorf
Peter Kuerten aka The Vampire of Duesseldorf roamed the city at the River Rhine for more than two years and left behind a trail of bodies-

Fri, Sep 12, 2014
12:00 AM CT

The Grim Sleeper
Lonnie Franklin aka The Grim Sleeper has been added to our serial killer collection

Thu, Aug 14, 2014
12:00 AM CT

Michael Lee Lockhart
... and with a little delay, another serial made it into the serial killer collection. Michael Lee Lockhart, not so much interesting for his "achievements" but because his case appears as if he became a psychopath only after a serious head injury.

Tue, Aug 12, 2014
12:00 AM CT

A Game of Daggers
Diane's new novel A GAME OF DAGGERS is now available at Amazon for Kindle. A story of murder, mayhem and political intrigue set up in the year of the Lord 1096.
Pope Urban II has called for a crusade, but this news has yet to reach Cornwall. And people there have anyway to deal with other problems from storms to wreckers on their coast and when some murdered men are discovered on the beach, nobody guesses, this is only the prelude to much greater events coming to the so remote shores ...

Sat, Jul 5, 2014
12:00 AM CT

Ivan Hill
Ivan Hill, as the first of the many serial killers, who haunted Los Angeles in the 80s and 90s, is now added to our serial killer collection.

Sun, Jun 8, 2014
12:00 AM CT

Raya and Sakina
The famous Egyptian serial killers have become part of our collection. And as so often, things are not as simple as the urban legend tries to tell us.

Thu, May 1, 2014
12:00 AM CT

Dagmar Overbye
The infamous Danish baby farmer has been added to our Serial Killer Collection.

Thu, May 1, 2014
12:00 AM CT

Pharaoh Djoser added to the Egyptian Collection
I finally came around to add a new pharaoh to our collection: Djoser, 1st Pharoh of the 3rd Dynasty.

Fri, Apr 4, 2014
12:00 AM CT

The Green River Killer
This month, we added Gary Ridgway to our serial killer collection, a case, not so much interesting for the profiling but for the lessons about case organization to be learned from it.

Tue, Mar 4, 2014
12:00 AM CT

Manson Family
The "Manson Family&quo; has been added to our serial killer collection. Especially interesting for those who think, brain washing isn't possible.

Fri, Feb 7, 2014
12:00 AM CT

Hans van Zon
Dutch serial killer Hans van Zon joined our serial killer collection. Not entirely voluntarily though.

Mon, Jan 6, 2014
12:00 AM CT

The Syracuse Dungeon Master
John T. Jamelske aka the Syracuse Dungeon Master has been added to our Serial Killer Collection. While not a seria killer but a serial rapist, Jamelske represents a similar psychopathology as some OCD type serial killers, for example Dahmer and therefore is some valuable object for studies.

Thu, Jan 2, 2014
12:00 AM CT

The last of the 2nd dynasty pharaohs, the man who re-united Egypt, is now also in the Egyptian collection.

Thu, Dec 12, 2013
12:00 AM CT

Pharaoh Sekhemib added to the Egyptian Collection
I finally came around to add Pharaoh Sekhemib to the collection, the sixth of the 2nd Dynasty. So, with some luck, I can finish this year the 2nd dynsty, only one, Khasekhemwy is left.

Tue, Dec 10, 2013
12:00 AM CT

The Riha disappearance
In 1969, Dr. Thomas Riha disappeared and in the subconsequent series of events, Gloria Tannenbaum was arrested for forgery and under suspicion of two other homicides. She plead not guilty by reason of insanity and got away with it. The case has now been added to our serial killer collection.

Mon, Nov 4, 2013
12:00 AM CT

Richard N. Clarey jr.
Clarey is one of the lesser known serial killers, skirting the definition a little. Still, for some reasons an interesting case.

Wed, Oct 2, 2013
12:00 AM CT

Now in the collection: William E. Cosden
A garden variety sexual predator, notable only because his existence shows, how wrong the idea of 1 monster at 1 time in 1 area is.

Copyright if not otherwise mentioned Peter and Diane Brendt 2010-. All copies, also in parts, demand the written consent of the copyright holders